In the modern world, the debate on whether abortion should be legalized has dominated discussions for years. While some people see abortion as murder, others believe that abortion should be allowed in the case of ‘unwanted’ pregnancy. This is when the pregnancy was not planned, and the mother is either not ready to have a child, or the birth of the child may pose a danger to the mother and the child. When one participates in this debate constructively, you need to prepare a well-structured essay that demystifies the issues surrounding the abortion issue. Such an essay can be an important tool that people can use to support, or oppose, the issue of legalizing abortion.
A 5-paragraph argumentative essay on abortion should include the following five points:
- The first paragraph should introduce the debate and the contested issues concerning abortion. For instance, the writer should explain who supports legalization of abortion, and who does not. The writer should also give the reasons why people have these differing opinions.
- The second paragraph should explore one side of the debate. For instance, the writer can explore whether abortion should be legalized and whether such action of legalization of abortion will be a violation of human rights, ethics, laws governing the society, and the rights of any specific member of a group of the society.
- The third paragraph should explore the other side of the debate. In this case, the writer should explain why legalization of abortion is vital and the conditions under which it should be allowed. The writer can explain what the repercussions would be if the state does not legalize the issue of abortion and what society stands to lose by having a blanket ban on abortion.
- The fourth paragraph should explore the validity of the arguments that both sides provide. The literature on the issues that the writer raises in support of the issue of abortion and its legalization should be discussed. The writer can use legal arguments as part of its presentation, or, religious arguments to credit or discredit the arguments of both sides of the debate.
- The fifth paragraph should present the facts that emerged in the previously written paragraphs. Since the fifth paragraph is the concluding paragraph, the writer can give his/her personal opinion based on the facts presented.
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Back to blogFeb 21, 2014
Filed under: Essay Help — Tags: 5 paragraph essay on abortion, abortion essays, argumentative essay on abortion — Joan Young @ 8:56 am
The ideas of tolerance and human rights protection, based on the idea that every human being is the master of his or her own life, have contributed to letting people live as they want and do what they will—in reasonable measures. In particular, tolerance has seemingly resolved or smoothed-out a number of moral dilemmas that humanity faced during the past centuries. However, there still are several extremely important and disputable issues, such as euthanasia, implanted ID chips, biometric identification, and abortion. Abortion is, perhaps, one of the oldest, and one of the most difficult issues to sort out among them; while proponents of abortion call for its acceptance, its opponents believe that it is immoral and inexcusable. And though many human rights protectors claim that every woman can do whatever she sees as just, I am strongly convinced that abortions can not be tolerated, as they harm mothers and their innocent children.
Any reasonable and sound person would be outraged if someone offered to grant mothers a right to kill their babies immediately after birth. This would be called inhumane and immoral—it would be a crime. However, this is what proponents of abortions do by standing for the etching of an embryo before birth. They ignore the fact that the baby is already a human being, from the very first days after conception. According to W. L. Saunders, “Every human being begins as a single-cell zygote, grows through the embryonic stage, then the fetal stage, is born and develops through infancy, through childhood, and through adulthood, until death. Each human being is genetically the same human being at every stage, despite changes in his or her appearance” (Saunders). In other words, abortion is still infanticide: a killing of a living human being, despite the fact that the child is still in the womb.
Moreover, abortions do not pass without a trace in terms of women’s health. Though there exist chemical preparations that allow the stopping of pregnancy without surgery, they are as dangerous as physical intervention. According to recent research, abortions cause a significant risk of ectopic pregnancy, not to mention other diseases, such as breast cancer and infertility. “Statistics show a 30% increased risk of ectopic pregnancy after one abortion and a 160% increased risk of ectopic pregnancy after two or more abortions. There has been a threefold increase in ectopic pregnancies in the U.S. since abortion was legalized. In 1970, the incidence was 4.8 per 1,000 live births. By 1980, it was 14.5 per 1,000 births” (AF).
Another argument is that a woman who has decided to get rid of the embryo is about to kill herself as well. Though an abortion may seem to be an option for underage mothers, or victims of rape, etching the baby does not free a woman, or calm her down. According to statistics, women who had abortions tend to commit suicides much more often than those who chose to give birth to a baby: 28% of women who committed an abortion attempted suicides (AfterAbortion). Among other problems are alcohol and drug abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, sexual dysfunction, and many other issues.
Though abortions are often seen as an option for women who, due to various circumstances, do not want to give birth to a baby, it is perhaps the worst choice. No matter how a child looks like in a womb, no matter how underdeveloped its consciousness and nervous system is, it is still a human being that has a right to live. Besides, abortions cause severe physiological and psychological damage to canceled mothers, such as ectopic pregnancy, terminal diseases, depression and suicidal behavior, alcohol and drug abuse.
1. Saunders, William L., Jr. “Embryology: Inconvenient Facts.” First Things. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2013. <http://www.firstthings.com/article/2007/01/embryology-inconvenient-facts-38>.
2. “Abortion Complications: What Can Happen To You?” AbortionFacts.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2013. <http://www.abortionfacts.com/literature/abortion-complications>.
3. “Abortion Risks: A List of Major Psychological Complications Related to Abortion.” AfterAbortion. N.p., 23 Feb. 2011. Web. 13 May 2013. <http://afterabortion.org/2011/abortion-risks-a-list-of-major-psychological-complications-related-to-abortion/>.
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