Cezanne Artist Research Paper

Paul Cezanne

  • Length: 586 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - More ↓
When most people think of Paul Cezanne, they think of two
words genius and painting. For these two words he is consider by
far to be the Father of modern painting. Cezanne was born in
Aix-en-Provence in 1839. He was to die in the same town in 1906.
His life and art work was greatly influenced by this small town
in France.
He was the son of a shrewd business man, Louis-Auguste
Cezanne. As a boy growing up in Aix, Cezanne loved to study Greek
and Latin literature. At the age of thirteen, Paul met Emile Zola
at the College Bourbon. The friendship was very important for
both of the young men and lasted until the publication of Zola's
novel L'Oeuvre in 1886, in which the writer portrays an
unsuccessful artist whose character based upon Paul. Deeply hurt,
Cezanne broke forever with his longtime friend. At school, the
boys were nearly inseparable. Both were interested in writing and
literature. Emile and Paul would write letters and rhymed verse
to each other for the next decade or so in which they expressed
their most intimate feelings and emotions together with
information about their everyday life. Paul's father disapproved
of Zola and his family especially after Emile's father had died.
In February 1858 Zola moved to Paris together with his
mother. Which made Paul want to go to Paris to join up with
Emile. When in 1861 he finally obtained his father's permission
to study art in Paris, Cezanne's first attempt to settle down
there failed. Disillusioned with the art world, he returned to
his family after only six months and entered his father's bank as
a clerk. The following year he went to Paris again, and this time
he stayed. During this years he lead a rather frugal life due to
his father's meager allowance. Every year he submitted canvases
to the artists' Salons, but was regularly rejected. Cezanne did
his first show with a group named the "Society of Painters,
Draftsman, Sculptors, and Engravers" comprised of Pierre-Auguste
Renoir, Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Pissarro and Cezanne
himself. The group's first show was in April in 1874, they
received bad revise. Cezanne did one more show with that group,
third for the group, in 1877. That show went better than the
first one.
"Unlike his artist friends, he generally avoided depiction's
of modern life and instead painted landscapes and still-lives of
more classical conception"(Lallemand 10). Cezanne had many
different characteristics of his work enigmatic quality, the
look of someone who were essentially a sculptor, no seasonal
variance in his landscapes. In the painting The House of the
Hanged Man ,painted in 1872-1873, there is an eerie feeling

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Paul Cezanne." 123HelpMe.com. 10 Mar 2018

LengthColor Rating 
Paul Cezanne Essay - When most people think of Paul Cezanne, they think of two words genius and painting. For these two words he is consider by far to be the Father of modern painting. Cezanne was born in Aix-en-Provence in 1839. He was to die in the same town in 1906. His life and art work was greatly influenced by this small town in France. He was the son of a shrewd business man, Louis-Auguste Cezanne. As a boy growing up in Aix, Cezanne loved to study Greek and Latin literature. At the age of thirteen, Paul met Emile Zola at the College Bourbon....   [tags: essays research papers]586 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
The Life and Art of Paul Cezanne, a French Post-Impressionist Painter Essay - Paul Cezanne was a French artist born January 19th 1839. Cezanne was considered a Post-Impressionist painter that also helped with the development of the Cubist style. He was born in Aix-en-Provence a small southern French town and was the son of a wealthy banker, Louis-Auguste Cezanne. His mother was Anne Elisabeth Honorine Aubert. He also had two little sisters, Marie and Rose. Paul started going to Saint Joseph school in Aix, when he was just ten. In 1857 Paul started studying drawing from a Spanish Monk named, Joseph Gibert, at the Free Municipal School of Drawing in Aix....   [tags: cubism, exhibitions, landscapes]848 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Analysis of Still Life with Apples and Oranges by Paul Cezanne Essay - This assignment will provide an analysis of the Modernist artwork of Paul Cezanné's, Still-Life with Apples and Oranges (c.1899) within the art movement of Impressionism. The analysis will be based upon the aesthetic and ideological underpinnings of the avant-garde. This will be done with reference to the writings of Charles Harrison and Clement Greenberg. Firstly, Modernism and the avant-garde will be discussed as defined by Harrison and Greenberg as the introduction to the discussion of the chosen artwork of Cezanné, followed by the analysis of the artwork with reference to the writings and how Cezanné's artwork and artistic characteristics and personal views attribute to Still-Life with A...   [tags: charles harrison, modernis, painting, artwork]
:: 3 Works Cited
2020 words
(5.8 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
Analysis of Still Life With Peppermint Bottle by Paul Cezanne Essay - Analysis of Still Life With Peppermint Bottle by Paul Cezanne Paul Cezanne is considered one of the greatest and most memorable artists of the Post-Impressionist period. His techniques were admired and greatly influential in the development of Cubism and many other modern art movements. He employed several styles in his works, such as his still life productions. In 1894 he produced a brilliant piece of work entitled “Still Life with a Peppermint Bottle”. Through this work he used elaborate techniques that most artists had not even discovered during his era....   [tags: essays papers]922 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Paul Cezanne Essay - PAUL CÉZANNE Post Impressionism, as the name would suggest, is the art movement that directly followed Impressionism. One artist, who led the Post Impressionism movement, was French artist, Paul Cézanne. Much of his early work was pure Impressionism and, although he was introduced to the style and guided by Camille Pissarro, Cézanne's works showed a distinctive uniqueness. Cézanne broke away from Impressionism because of the lack of composition; he felt the desire to depict subjects in the third dimension as well as appearing flat....   [tags: essays research papers]648 words
(1.9 pages)
Good Essays[preview]
Art History and Analysis Essay - While Still life with Apples and a Pot of Primroses by Paul Cézanne and Still Life with a Skull and a Writing Quill by Pieter Claesz vary in time period, and therefore style and composition, the message they portray is similar. Cezanne and Claesz differ greatly in technique, more specifically in perspective, brush stroke, composition and realism. Their separation in time does account for the discrepancies in technique but surprisingly does not affect the subject and message. The fact that Still life with Apples and a Pot of Primroses is a post-impressionistic piece effects its visual composition....   [tags: Paul Cezanne, Pieter Claesz, Art Pieces]
:: 3 Works Cited
994 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Cezanne, Lowry and Landscapes Essay - Cezanne, Lowry and Landscapes Cezanne Paul Cezanne, who was the son of a wealthy banker, became a painter in the 1860s in Paris when he quit his studies of Law. By 1874 he was painting landscapes in the Impressionist manner and had some of his work included in their first exhibition held during that very same year. He painted in the Impressionistic manner, but sheared off in a different direction to the main body of Impressionist painters. The main body of Impressionist painters were concerned with the 'fleeting effects of light and colour', and in order to capture the surface impression of that moment 'they had to work fluently and quickly'....   [tags: Visual Arts Paintings Art]1493 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
The History of Graphic Design Essay - ... Between 1941 to 1954, Paul Rand focused more on the creation of adverts and then since 1954, he decided to venture into the production of corporate graphic designs that actually formed a bulk of his last works. Paul Rand played a major role in terms of historical, social, and Cultural Revolution and influence. He is best known for championing of corporate social responsibility and professionalism by both the artists and the customers he worked for. He believed in giving his clients value for their money through his quality works and not exploiting his clients....   [tags: Paul Rand, advancement and revolution]
:: 4 Works Cited
1072 words
(3.1 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Paul's Character in Paul's Case Essay example - Paul's Character in Paul's Case Pauls's Case is the story of a young man who struggles with his identity. Paul feels that he knows where he belongs, but his family and teachers refuse to support his choices. In the middle of Paul's Case, there is a switch in narration. At this point, the reader can associate with Paul and his problems. Paul struggles with both internal and external conflicts, causing him to be quite a puzzling character. From tha perspective of his family and teachers, Paul seems abnormal....   [tags: Paul]615 words
(1.8 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
The Tragic Tale of Paul's Case Essay example - The Tragic Tale of Paul's Case Love could have saved Paul in Willa Cather's "Paul's Case," but love does not find Paul. It is withheld within the hearts of all the people that could have shown affection toward Paul. Although Paul's life ends in suicide, Paul's English teacher, Charley Edwards, or Paul's father could have prevented his premature death.   First, Paul's English teacher could have prevented Paul's suicide. After her confrontation with Paul at the chalkboard, she becomes Paul's greatest school adversary....   [tags: Paul]670 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays[preview]

Related Searches

Paul Cezanne         Emile Zola         Small Town         Young Men         Claude Monet         Allowance         Renoir        

illuminating form the piece. It is achieved by the the dull
shapes, cool colors, and thick granular patching. The look of
someone who was essentially a sculptor in present in The Negro
Scipion painted in 1867. Where you can easily see the definition
of muscle and the curvature of the human body. In most of Paul
Cezanne's landscapes you can not tell what season it is suppose
to represent. Spring, fall or summer. In Mill on the Couleuvre
near Pontoise the fields are green and lush but is it spring or
summer? That is for the viewer to interpret what season it is.
Paul Cezanne who influenced many, had a great impact on all
that follow his lead. His life is represented in his work which
shows us a great deal. The Father on Modern Painting is one of
great accomplishments.

  • Emile Zola

  • Paul Cézanne, 1904:

    "Drawing and color are not separate at all; in so far as you paint, you draw. The more the color harmonizes, the more exact the drawing becomes. When the color achieves richness, the form attains its fullness also. The contrasts and relations of tones - there you have the secret of drawing and modeling".

  • Camille Pissarro

    Charlotte Amalie

  • View of Auvers sur Oise

    Paul Cezanne

  • House on a river

    Paul Cezanne

Early years:
Paul Cézanne was born to a wealthy family in Aix-en-Provence, France. His father was a successful banker whose riches assisted Cézanne throughout his life and his mother was a romantic who supported her son's career.

In 1852 Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon where he met his good friends Émile Zola and Baptistin Baille. The three were famously close for a long period of time. After a classical education in Aix-en-Provence Paul Cézanne's father wished him to become a lawyer. However after attending law school for two years (whilst receiving art lessons) he could not bear the thought of continuing his education and left for Paris.

In Paris Paul Cézanne spent a large period of his time with Émile Zola, a French writer. He enrolled at the Académie Suisse, which is where he met his mentor, Camille Pissarro. After five months of trying to work as a painter in Paris, France, to no critical success, Cézanne returned to Aix-en-Provence at his father's request.

In his home town Paul Cézanne enrolled at the local art school and attempted to work as a banker but was also unsuccessful in this venture. Consequently in 1862 he returned to Paris to work as a painter. Disappointingly he failed the entrance exam to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts but continued to work between Paris and Aix-en-Provence and submitted many of his works to the Salon jury.

By this time he was good friends with Impressionist painters Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro and had met his future wife. However, he also had a long-term mistress - Hortense Fiquet - and in the Prussian war Cézanne and Fiquet absconded from the Paris and stayed in L'Estaque, France, until 1871.

Middle years:
In 1872 Paul Cézanne was living in Pontoise, France with Hortense Fiquet and his newborn son Paul (whom his father did not know about). Cézanne was still enthusiastically working on his paintings and was spending time outside with his idol, Camille Pissarro.

In Pontoise Paul Cézanne met Dr Paul Gachet, who was an admirer of his work and thus spent the years of 1872 to 1874 living at Gachet's home in Auvers-sur-Oise.

In 1873 Cézanne met Vincent van Gogh and in 1874 he exhibited at the Impressionist's first showcase. Cézanne's work was highly criticized along with the Impressionist's paintings but Cezanne's paintings were disliked by the other painters too. Cézanne's compositions from this period of working close to Camille Pissarro reveal that he was slightly influenced by the Impressionist's en plein air style of painting.

In 1877 Cézanne showcased 16 of his paintings to a great deal of scorn from critics and vowed never again to show his work at an Impressionist's exhibition. Although still influenced by Pissarro's Impressionist style Cézanne continued to work inside his studio and didn't believe in always painting from nature.

In the early 1880s Cezanne started to move even further away from the Impressionist's style of painting. He fell out with Emile Zola in 1886 because of his interpretation of Zola's novel, L'Oeuvre, and the two never saw each other again. In 1886 Cezanne married his mistress and inherited a large estate from his father, meaning he never had to worry about making money from his art.

Advanced years:
In November 1895 Paul Cézanne held his first solo exhibition in Paris and Ambroise Vollard bought every artwork. He then moved to Aix-en-Provence permanently.

In the early 1900s his work was shown all around Europe to wide critical acclaim but throughout his life Cézanne was shy and hostile towards other painters and he maintained this attitude. He died in October 1906 of pneumonia and is buried in the cemetery in Aix-en-Provence.

0 thoughts on “Cezanne Artist Research Paper

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *