Indian Festival Essay In Marathi


Indian Festivals

A festival is a celebration of life. It is a celebration entertainment or series of performances of a certain kind, often held periodically. Festival breaks the monotony of life. They bring peace and joy to the masses. All nations have their religious and cultural festivals. Indian festivals are numerous. They are harmonious rich varied and colorful.

Indian festivals are as varied as the people themselves. They can broadly be divided into three categories national or political religion and seasonal. Most Indian festivals have their in religion or in the myths and legends of popular faiths. Some are connected with the memory of very respectable men and events. They are intended to keep alive the memory of those events and personalities and inspire people to follow their examples.

National festivals like the Republic Day, The Independence Day , Gandhi Jayanti ,etc are celebrated with great patriotic zeal. These days have been declared as national holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm. The capital New Delhi is the seat of national celebrations on such occasions. It witness one of the most majestic parades on the Republic Day. Apart from the Armed Forces School children from across the country also participate in this parade.

Diwali is the most prominent of Hindu festivals. It is the festival of lights. on this day Hindus celebrate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after the victory over Ravana. The houses are cleaned and whitewashed. People wear new clothes. Businessmen start their new accounts. Sweets are distributed. On its day people from all walks of life light up their homes. Crackers are burst and the children as well as the youth enjoy them.

Ram Navami is celebrated s the birthday of Lord Rama. Janmastmi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna. Durga Pooja is celebrated in Benal Assam Orissa and some other parts of India. It is celebrated with great pomp and shoe. Goddess Durga is worshipped for five days. On the fifth day the statue of the goddesses immersed in water in Northern India , dusserra is observed as Vijaya Dashmi celebrating victory of good over evil of Rama over Ravana. In Maharashtra lord Ganesha is worshipped with the great pomp and show.

Holi is celebrated at the end of winter season. Raslila a cultural dance of Manipur is staged during this festival. The dance is dedicated to Lord Krishna and the glop is. Holi is a festival of colors. People throw color on one another. It is celebrated in honors of Prahlad. It celebrates the victory of good over evil,.

Chath is celebrated in Bihar and also in other parts of India. Sun god is worshipped early in the morning on this day. Sweets and fruits are offered to sun god.

Guru Nanak Dev birthday is celebrated by Sikhs and members of other communities. On this occasion religious congregation are attended lamps are lit and crackers are burst. The days of martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahudur are also of special significance to the community.

Christmas is the most important festival of Christians. It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Jesus Christ on 25th December. The Christmas tree is decorated with artificial stars , lights , toys ect on this days. Cakes and puddings are served. Children get dressed in new clothes. Any person disguised as Santa Claus distributes sweet among children. Prayers are offered in churches.

Jews celebrate their festivals in a similar fashion as those of Christians. They go to the synagogue to pray before the Almighty. The parses celebrate Naoroz during August September each year. It is the beginning of their new year.

The seasonal festivals are celebrated in different ways all over the country. Bihu is celebrated with great pomp and show in Assam. Baisakhi is celebrated as a mark of harvesting the wheat crops in Punjab. Onam is celebrated in Kerla as a harvest festival.  Pongal is also a similar festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. Basant Panchami is celebrated throughout North India and West Bengal.

Festivals also have a negative influence on our society. The brushing of crackers during Diwali pollutes the atmosphere. Gambling disturb public life. During Holi , drunkards brawl in the streets. Temples are decorated at the cost of millions of rupees. The money used for such events could be utilized for the economic development of the country.

Color is an essential part of Holi. But it must not be sprayed on people who resent it. The bursting of crackers should be minimized. Festival should be celebrated with simplicity. People belonging to other communities should be invited during religious festivals. This will help in promoting national integration and communal harmony.



December 21, 2015evirtualguru_ajaygour10th Class, 9th Class, Class 11, Class 12, English (Sr. Secondary), English 12, Languages1 CommentEnglish, English Essay Class 10 & 12, English Essay Graduation

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दिवाळी - [Diwali Festival] एक आनंदोत्सव: दिवाळी, होय… दिवाळी म्हणजे खरोखरच सर्व सणांची महाराणीच. ती महाराणी म्हणूनच तिचा मोठा थाट आणि ती येते ही अखंड दिव्यांच्या झगमगाटात.

आकाश कंदिल लाघले दारांत
उजळल्या ज्योती दीप अंगणांत
सडा सन्मार्जने सजल्या अंगणी
आली आली आली सणांची ही राणी

दिवाळीच्या सणातला लहान मुला मुलींचा आनंदाचा भाग म्हणजे आकाशकंदिल तयार करणे, किल्ला करणे, त्यावर चित्रे मांडणे, संध्याकाळी दारापुढे छान छान रांगोळ्या काढणे आणि फटाके वाजविणे इ. दिपावली हा सण सर्वत्र आनंद व उत्साहाने साजरा होतो.

दिवाळीचे दुसरं नांव दीपावली. हा उत्सव म्हणजे दीपोत्सव. दिव्यांचा उत्सव दिव्यांच्या असंख्य ओळी घराअंगणात लावल्या जातात. म्हणून तिचं नाव दीपावली.
ह्या सणाची सुरवात वसुबारसेपासून योते आणि भाऊबीज साजरी केल्यानंतर दिवाळीची सांगता होते. सर्व अबाल वृद्ध, मुले, स्त्रीया ह्यांचा हा लाडका सण. दिवाळी येणार म्हटलं की आवराआवर रंगरंगोटी. नव्या कपड्यांची, दागिन्यांची, घरातील वस्तूची खरेदीची ही पर्वणी. फटाक्यांची आतिषबाजी अन चविष्ट दिवाळी फराळाचा स्वाद हे ह्या सणाच आणखी एक वैशिष्ट्य.

आपला भारत देश हा कृषीप्रधान देश. आपली थोर संस्कृती सुद्ध सर्वंवर प्रेम करायला शिकवणारी. म्हणूनच की काय वसुबारस ह्या दिवशी आपण गाय आणि वासरू ह्यांची पूजा करतो. त्यांना गोडाचा घास खाऊ घालतो. दुध-दुपत्यासाठी होणारा गायीचा उपयोग शेतीच्या कामी बैलाची होणारी मदत ह्या गोष्टी लक्षांत घेऊन त्या गोधनाची केलेलीही कृतज्ञता पूजा.

धनत्रयोदशीला तिन्ही सांजेला केली जाणारी धनाची पूजा, नैवेद्याला ठेवला जाणारा धने-गुळाचा प्रसाद ह्याला ही फार मोठे महत्त्व आहे. ह्याच दिवशी एक दिवा तयार करून तो यमदेवतेसाठी लावला जातो. दक्षिण दिशा ही यमाची दिशा म्हणून त्या दिवशी त्या दिव्याची ज्योत ही दक्षिणेला केली जाते.

नरक चतुर्दशी हा मुख्य दिवाळीचा पहिला दिवस. ह्या दिवशी पहाटे उठून अभ्यंग स्नान करायचे. नवीन वस्त्रे परिधान करायची. देवदर्शन घ्यायचे आणि सर्वांनी एकत्र जमून दिवाळी फराळ करायचा असा हा आनंद साजरा करण्याचा दिवस. ह्या दिवसाची एक पौराणिक कथा जोडली आहे ती अशी की श्रीकृष्णानी अत्याचारी नरकासुराचा वध करून त्याच्या बंदी शाळेतल्या सोळा सहस्त्र कन्यांची मुक्तता केली. तो हा दिवस, दुष्टाचा नाशा आणि मुक्ताचा आनंद हे या दिवसामागचे आनंद साजरा करण्याचे कारण आहे.

अश्विनातले शेवटचे दोन दिवस आणि कार्तिकाचे पहिले दोन दिवस अशी ही चार दिवसांची मुख्य दिवाळी. अश्विन वद्य‍अमावस्येला संध्याकाळी घरोघरी, दुकानांतून सोन्या-चांदीच्या पेढ्यातून, ऑफिसातून लक्ष्मीपूजन केले जाते. घरातल सोन नाणं-रोकड ह्यांची पूजा करतात. व्यापारी सर्व हिशेबाच्या वह्यांच पूजन करतो. ह्या धनलक्ष्मीच्या पूजनाबरोबरच त्या दिवशी आरोग्य लक्ष्मी ( केरसुणी ) हिची पण पूजा करतात. लक्ष्मी पूजनानंतर फटाक्यांची अतिषबाजी करून आनंद साजरा केला जातो.

पाडवा म्हणजे बलिप्रतिपदा साडेतीन मुहुर्तातला एक मुहुर्त. ह्या दिवशी अनेक नवे प्रकल्प चालू केले जातात. पाडव्याच्या दिवशी पत्नी पतीला ओवाळते. पती पत्नीला पाडव्याची भेट म्हणून वस्तू, दागिना किंवा साडी भेट देतो.

कार्तिक शुद्ध द्वितीयेलाच यमद्वितीया किंवा भाऊबीज असे म्हणतात. बहिण भावाच्या उत्कट प्रेमाचा हा दिवस, बहिण भावाला स्नान घालते, गोड भोजन देते, ओवाळते आणि भाऊ बहिणीला ओवाळणी घालतो.

दिवाळीच्या सणातला लहान मुला मुलींचा आनंदाचा भाग म्हणजे आकाशकंदिल तयार करणे, किल्ला करणे, त्यावर चित्रे मांडणे, संध्याकाळी दारापुढे छान छान रांगोळ्या काढणे आणि फटाके वाजविणे इ. दिपावली हा सण सर्वत्र आनंद व उत्साहाने साजरा होतो. परस्परांना भेट वस्तू, शुभेच्छापत्रे इ. देवून आनंद दिला घेतला जातो. अज्ञानाचा नाश आणि ज्ञानाचा प्रकाश देणारी ही दिवाळी सर्वांनाच प्रिय आहे. जो तो आपापल्या परीने ती साजरी करतो आणि आनंद लुटतो. दिवाळी म्हणजे अत्यंत आनंदी. सुखद दिपावलीच्या अनेक सुखद आठवणींपुढे अनेक दिवस मनांत रेंगाळत राहतात.

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