In her novel, Petry uses personification in the interest of establishing a relationship between the setting and Lutie Johnson. At the end of the third paragraph, the wind is described ‘assaulting’ people on the street, “the wind grabbed their hats, pried their scarves from around their necks, stuck its fingers inside their coat collars, blew their coats away from their bodies.” (Lines 31-34) Personifying the wind as having “fingers” is enough to create a tense and eerie tone. The wind is described negatively by its actions towards pedestrians further, as driving people off the streets and doing “everything it could to discourage the people walking along the street.” (Lines 21-22) By giving the setting human-like qualities, it makes it easier for the reader compare it with Lutie, and find the relationship between the two.
In The Street, Petry uses imagery as a tool to establish a relationship between the setting and Lutie. Most of the imagery included in the novel, such as, “the dirt got into their noses, making it hard to breathe,” reveals more about the hostile and nearly uninhabitable environment. (Line 24) While some imagery, “she felt suddenly naked and bald, for her hair had been resting softly and warmly on the back of her neck,” gives us hints about how Lutie feels in this new setting. (Lines 36-38) Each piece of imagery that Petry chooses to include in her novel reveals a little bit more about the relationship between Lutie and the setting.
Petry descriptively characterizes in her novel, in order to establish a relationship between the setting and the main character, Lutie. The first 34 lines of the novel are mainly focused on describing the environment. Throughout these lines, Petry uses words like “dirt and dust and grime,” to negatively characterize the setting and make it seem unappealing to the reader. (Lines 22-23) Along with this, the setting is also characterized as “cold” and harsh, by the actions of the wind, “violent assault.” (Line 9) However, juxtaposed, is Lutie Johnson, whom when first introduced, is characterized by words like “softly and warmly.” (Line 37) The characterization and contrast of the setting and Lutie shows the reader a lot about their relationship.
In order to establish this complex relationship between Lutie and the urban setting, Petry employs personification, imagery and characterization. Through the combined use of these devices and others, Petry is able to make the reader relate to Lutie in this new, harsh and confusing environment.
Presentation on theme: "The AP English Literature Essays"— Presentation transcript:
1 The AP English Literature Essays
2 Three Essays (40 minutes each)
Question 1 – Poem or Pair of Related PoemsQuestion 2 – Prose: usually fiction or drama (excerpt or complete short story)Question 3 – Analysis of student-selected novel, play or epic poem in response to an open- ended framing question
3 Question 1, 2009In the following speech from Shakespeare’s play Henry VIII, Cardinal Wolsey considers his sudden downfall from his position as advisor to the king. Spokesmen for the king have just left Wolsey alone on stage. Read the speech carefully. Then write a well-organized essay in which you analyze how Shakespeare uses elements such as allusion, figurative language, and tone to convey Wolsey’s complex response to his dismissal from court.
4 Question 2, 2009The following selection is the opening of Ann Petry’s 1946 novel, The Street. Read the selection carefully and then write an essay analyzing how Petry establishes Lutie Johnson’s relationship to the urban setting through the use of such literary devices as imagery, personification, selection of detail, and figurative language.
5 Question 3, 2009A symbol is an object, action, or event that represents something or that creates a range of associations beyond itself. In literary works a symbol can express an idea, clarify meaning, or enlarge literal meaning.Select a novel or play and, focusing on one symbol, write an essay analyzing how that symbol functions in the work and what it reveals about the characters or themes of the work as a whole. Do not merely summarize the plot.
6 Suggested Works for Question 3
You may choose a work from the list below or another novel or play of comparable literary merit.As I Lay DyingThe AwakeningBelovedBleak HouseCat’s EyeThe Cherry OrchardThe Color PurpleCrime and PunishmentThe Crossing
7 How the Essays are Scored
Essays are scored using a 9 point holistic rubric.Writers are rewarded for what they do well, rather than points being deducted for errors.
8 Scoring Rewards… Insight (original ideas about a text)
Apt and relevant evidence,Competent, persuasive analysisFluency and effective control of language (which includes diction, syntax, tone)
9 Steps to Success Make a plan. Begin quickly and directly.
Use paragraphs and topic sentences.Use quotations and explain them.Create variety through sentences.Find the right word.
10 Just for Fun…The following slides are actual excerpts from real AP Literature Exam essays. Don’t be this writer!
11 Language has always been a major part of literature.
12 The three classic characters of high class society: the snoob, the niave, and the knows better sarcastic.
13 A feeling of disillusionment is created in the reader’s bowels.
14 By just reading this you can cut it with a butter knife.
15 Willy Loman committed suicide several times.